The Rev. H.E. Hives's A Cree Grammar: Being a Simplified Approach to the Study of PDF

By The Rev. H.E. Hives

Writer used to be missionary one of the Cree Indians of Lac l. a. Ronge.

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Additional info for A Cree Grammar: Being a Simplified Approach to the Study of the Language of the Cree Indians of Canada

Sample text

Definiteness is marked in pl. following +6nts, which replaces +ats but follows +at(t): bft+i /bftt+6/bftt+6nts+i 'chief/chiefs/the chiefs', kan +tltt+6/kan+att+6 'dogs/ the dogs'. Pl. +ats is used with nouns having sg. +6 or +o (the plural root vowel has high tone whether the sg. has high or low tone). (The commonest pl. formation is gemination of final C and suf. g. '. g. '. Numerals and quantifiers take either citation or indef. pl. g. lam+ 76 wtltlr+i or lam+76 waar +6 'two goat(s)'. f ace. g.

Chart forms are from Cerulli 1929 lexicon and Cerulli 1963. Oyda. Chart: Fleming's notes. '. Basketo. ' from Fleming notes. ' is a motion form, others are stasis. '. '. Doko. '. Male. ' w6ftti. Azeb cautions that the use of these forms and interrogatives in general is complicated and needs analysis. '. ' 'wooka. '. '. For analysis of NWO interrogatives, see Sect. 3 in Chapter 3 below. 4. ) points out that the categories of nominal case, gender, number, and species (definiteness) are intertwined in Ari; one finds this applies generally to Omotic languages.

Is invar. e. the impf. suffixes followed by +a; Basketo does not tolerate vowel sequences). Negative perfective is invar. +akay and neg. impf. is invar. +a+bas(e). Neg. jussive is +app+e in all 2nd and 3rd persons except +app+ut in 2pl. Alemayehu 1993c has invariable present/future: ta ati dabb+i mo+re 'I now bread eat', ne ati dabb+i mo+re 'thou now bread eat', etc. and past: ta dabb+i moy+ide 'I bread ate', etc. Impv. sg. /pl. '. 1 regarding pronouns): sg. ta maos, ne mes, asa mes, pl. nu mis, inti mes, asabo me (or mes, my copy of the book is unclear).

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A Cree Grammar: Being a Simplified Approach to the Study of the Language of the Cree Indians of Canada by The Rev. H.E. Hives


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