By Mark Davies, Dee Gardner
A Frequency Dictionary of latest American English: note sketches, collocates, and thematic listsis a useful device for all beginners of yankee English, delivering an inventory of the 5,000 most often used phrases within the language.
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Additional info for A Frequency Dictionary of Contemporary American English: Word Sketches, Collocates and Thematic Lists
14) Elle sanglotait parce que son tout jeune bébé venait de se faire enlever les amygdales. ’ (15) Les pianos se font toujours abîmer dans les déménagements. ’ (16) Eva s ’est fait amnistier par le Président. ’ (Kupferman 1995: 59; 75) In formal semantic terms, this means that the CAUSE component attached to the grammatical subject of SE FAIRE V-er in the causative construction is either absent from the semantics of the passive construction (Labelle 2002) or related to an unexpressed entity distinct from the subject (Martin 2002).
Events, processes and states. J Tedeschi & A. Zaenen (Eds), Tense and aspect (191–212). New-York: New York Academic Press. Pustejovsky, James (1995). The generative lexicon, Cambridge: MIT Press. Pustejovsky, James & Branimir Boguraev (Eds) (1996). Lexical Semantics. The problem of polysemy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Vendler, Zeno (1967). Linguistics in philosophy. ). Willems, Dominique (1981). Syntaxe, lexique et sémantique . Les constructions verbales. Gand: Publications de l ’Université de Gand.
Je veux partir ‘lit. I want that he leaves’ vs. ‘I want to leave’). However, other structures can be the source construction: intransitive structures for movement verbs (il court chercher sa valise ‘he runs to get his luggage’ as an extension of il court ‘he runs’) or transitive structures for perception verbs (il le regarde travailler dans son jardin ‘he watches him working in his garden’ as an extension of il le regarde ‘he watches him’). The infinitive clause following psych-verbs (il s ’amuse à observer les autres ‘he amuses himself watching the others’) is also usually accounted for as a secondary structure derived from a simple transitive structure (regarder les autres l ’amuse ‘watching the others amuses him’).
A Frequency Dictionary of Contemporary American English: Word Sketches, Collocates and Thematic Lists by Mark Davies, Dee Gardner