By Basil Davidson
This article is designed for college students getting ready for O point heritage, delivering an exam of a few of the foremost developments and occasions in West African heritage from advert 1000-1800.
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Extra resources for A History of West Africa, 1000-1800 (The growth of African civilization)
Sudan has been exceptional in this regard. In 1964 an uprising spearheaded by civilians resulted in the collapse of the military regime of General A b o u d . In 1985 Sudan repeated this style of democratic uprising bringing d o w n Nimeiri's regime and compelling the military to promise a restoration of democracy within a year. T h e promise was kept, though civilian rule did not last. Cases of political succession after a voluntary military handover by soldiers to civilians include General Obasanjo's handover to civilians in Nigeria in 1979 and Flight-Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings's brief transfer of power to civilians in Ghana in the same year.
Let it n o w unfold. 15. C . Dickens, 1975, p. '67. See also R . Smollan, 1987; and D . Killingray and R . Rathbone (eds), 1986. 25 SECTION I Africa in a decade of world conflicts, 1935-45 T h e Horn and North Africa, 1935-45: crises and change Tayeb C H E N N T O U F In the fourth andfifthdecades of the twentieth century, the Horn and North Africa were, like other regions, shaken by two major upheavals the world recession and the Second World W a r . T h e 1930s saw the beginning of a series of crises and changes deepened and accelerated by the war.
Exports halved in value between 1930 and 1935. Morocco's external trade weakened between 1929 and 1931 and then abruptly collapsed. In 1936, by value, exports were half what they had been in 1926 (1932 million francs as against 3800 million francs). T h e fluctuations in Libya's external trade were m o r e limited because of its very weakness. External trade with Italy or other European countries in 1930 w a s extremely small. E v e n so, Libyan external trade fell from 4 8 2 million lira in 1925 to 366 million in 1934.
A History of West Africa, 1000-1800 (The growth of African civilization) by Basil Davidson