By Enrico G. Beltrametti, Jean-Marc Lévy-Leblond
Creation; E. Beltrametti, J.M. LévyLeblond.GeneralReviews: Experiments with unmarried Atoms in Cavities and Traps; H.Walther. Experiments with unmarried Atoms, Molecules, or Photons; S.Haroche. Quantum results with Ultracold Atoms; Y. Castin, et al. move of unmarried Electrons and unmarried Cooper Pairs in metal Nanostructures; M.H. Devoret, et al. Interferometry with debris of Nonzero leisure Mass: Topological Experiments; G.L. Opat. Achievements in Neutron Interferometry; H. Rauch. Electron Interferometry and Holography; A. Tonomura. Quantum Phenomena and Their functions in Semiconductor Microstructures; F. Capasso.Specific Topics: Quantum Fluctuations and Superconductivity; R. Fazio, A. Tagliacozzo. Spontaneous Localization and Superconductivity; A. Rimini. Photon-Photon Correlations from unmarried Atoms; M.O. Scully. Einstein Causality in Interatom Microcavity-confined Transverse Quantum Correlations; F. De Martini, M. Giangrasso. 3 reviews at the Aharonov-Bohm influence; M. Berry. protecting Measurements; Y. Aharonov,L. Vaidman. vulnerable Measurements; L. Vaidman. eight extra articles. Index.
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Additional resources for Advances in Quantum Phenomena
Comm. 107:318 (1994). 18. O. Benson, G. Raithel, H. Walther, Quantum jumps of the micromaser field - dynamic behavior close to phase transition points, Phys. Rev. , in print. 19. L. M. Raimond, M. Brune, S. Haroche, Quantum theory of the twophoton micromaser, Phys. Rev. A36:3771 (1987); M. Brune, JM. Raimond, P. Goy, L. Davidovich, S. Haroche, Realisation of a two-photon maser oscillator, Phys. Rev. I,ell. 59: 1899 (1987) 20. P. Meystre, G. Rempe and H. Walther, Very-low temperature behaviour of a micromaser, Opt.
Each of these peaks has a width in the few MHz range only and corresponds to the absorption from a single molecule, with no appreciable Doppler effect since the molecule is trapped at its location in the crystal. The laser frequency being locked to one of these peaks, one can record the fluorescence of the molecule, basically in the same way as one does for ion fluorescence in a trap. The energy level configuration of a pentacene molecule is much more complex than an atom or a ion one, due to the existence of molecular vibration states and phonon lattice bands.
We can say that these experiments are performed "in vivo", on continuously observed particles, by opposition with the particle detection experiments performed in accelerator physics which could be called"in vitro". "In vivo" single particle experiments have been made possible by advances in microstructure technology as well as by progresses in laser manipulation of atoms. They have opened the way to a wide variety of applications, ranging from nanostructure fabrication, surface analysis at the atomic scale, to the building of new kind of detectors and sensors of various forces and fields.
Advances in Quantum Phenomena by Enrico G. Beltrametti, Jean-Marc Lévy-Leblond