By Ignacio Bosque
The publication starts off via summarizing, commenting on, and comparing earlier descriptive and theoretical contributions on Spanish exclamatives. This introductory assessment additionally features a targeted type of Spanish exclamative grammatical varieties, besides an research in their major properties. Special recognition is dedicated within the booklet throughoutto the syntactic constructions displayed through exclamative styles; the variations among exclamations and different speech acts (specifically questions and imperatives); the strange semantic denotation of exclamative phrases and their dating to quantifiers denoting excessive measure; the semantics of adjectives and adverbs expressing severe evaluate; the shape and interpretation of negated and embedded exclamatives; the homes of optative utterances; and different ways that expressive contents are with regards to unforeseen reactions of the speaker, in addition to attainable wisdom shared by means of interlocutors.
This groundbreaking quantity presents a complete and actual photograph of Spanish exclamation via integrating its various part parts.
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Extra resources for Advances in the Analysis of Spanish Exclamatives
Lit. ¡[. ] qué tarde parece que has visto lo acertado! 5. ). They include some verbs of speech, a few perception verbs that also take indirect questions, such as ver ‘find out,’ mostrar ‘show,’ or revelar ‘reveal,’ and a larger number of emotional factives. Non-â•‰factive emotional predicates, as temer ‘fear,’ are excluded (Gutiérrez-â•‰Rexach & Andueza, this volume). Ya veo cuánta gente está de acuerdo contigo. Es sorprendente lo fuertes que son. Es una vergüenza cómo tratan aquí a la gente.
15ñ-p) calls cuantificación a distancia ‘quantification at a distance’ (QD). This refers to the fact that degree expressions contained in emphatic polarity exclamatives reject in situ quantifiers, since the initial emphatic particle (or maybe the null operator in its specifier) provide that information. ¡Sí que tiene María (*mucha) prisa! ¡Bien que te has divertido (*bastante)! ’ QD effects may be captured either by overt movement of these emphatic particles from low degree projections (which amounts to taking them as proper degree quantifiers) or by associating them with operators binding degree variables at some distance in local environments.
An argument in support of this conclusion is the fact that so-â•‰called “que-â•‰galicado” sentences, present in most varieties of American Spanish (Brucart, 1994; Di Tullio & Kailuweit, 2012), lack free relatives. Interestingly, they reject wh-exclamatives as well. ¿Cuánta plata fue que se robó? *¡Cuánta plata fue que se robó! 3. ¿Qué libros has enviado a qué clientes? *¡Qué libros has enviado a qué clientes! 2h), but no answers are required (or even possible) in exclamatives. The non-â•‰existence of in situ exclamatives is also related to the absence of dialogues in which variables could be bound.
Advances in the Analysis of Spanish Exclamatives by Ignacio Bosque