By Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez
This book is an authoritative research of the social and monetary implications of world elevated lifestyles expectancy. will we offer adequate pensions for outdated humans to reside comfortably? How can previous humans be empowered to play a extra confident position in society? what's going to the function of grandparents be within the rising new social structures? What are the results for overall healthiness companies? How can the very outdated be cared for? delivering a wealth of statistical and quantitative facts and compiled by means of best economists operating on the leading edge of this region, the authors argue that those demanding situations usually are not insurmountable, yet societies far and wide have to installed position the necessary regulations to confront those demanding situations successfully.
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Extra resources for Ageing and Development
It takes at least one generation before these policies ultimately increase the number of new entrants to the labour force. As a result of this long-term horizon, policymakers generally have few incentives to advocate such policies, which tend to lack popular appeal and therefore do not attract political champions (RAND, 2005). No single policy intervention seems to have been effective in reversing low fertility. Instead, Governments have used, with modest success, a mix of policies and programmes aimed at directly or indirectly increasing fertility.
Sweden is an example of a country committed to providing extensive health and social services to older persons to enable them to live in their own homes. Services provided include personal care and assistance with basic tasks such as cleaning, shopping and meal preparation. These home-help services provided by the municipality are available to all Swedes aged 65 years or over.
As in the case of the developed countries, the expected increase in the dependency ratio in the economies in transition is due exclusively to a steady rise in the old-age dependency ratio. For the developing countries, both the historical experience and the future prospects are quite different. First, their total dependency ratio in 1950, which stood at 71 dependants per 100 persons aged 15-64, was quite high in comparison with that of the developed countries or the countries with economies currently in transition, owing mostly to a very high level of child dependency in the developing countries (65 per 100 persons aged 15-64).
Ageing and Development by Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez