By Goran Hyden, Rwekaza Mukandala
In distinction to the majority of the literature on international relief, which bargains with it as an tool of international coverage or specializes in difficulties of implementation, this ebook examines the function of the help businesses themselves, from a recipient's point of view, and gives longitudinal in addition to comparative research. The valuable relief enterprises of China, Sweden and the U.S. started their operations in Tanzania at the same time within the early Nineteen Sixties yet from very diversified ideological premises. still, all of them fell into operational traps that experience constrained the effectiveness in their contributions to Tanzanian improvement. The editors draw classes approximately how international relief, whether it is going to proceed, should be reformed on the service provider level.
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Extra info for Agencies in Foreign Aid: Comparing China, Sweden and the United States in Tanzania
Structure of agency, our next variable, is defined as the extent to which the internal structure of the donor agency may be classified as centralized or decentralized. Again, this is a structural variable because decisions about this matter are made by political authorities. This variable has two dimensions of interest here. The first is the extent to which the central offices of the agency are more influential than their field offices. Budgetary concerns tend to favour centralization, while programme management typically demands decentralization.
The following sections tackle each of these issues. Before doing so, however, it is important to introduce a theoretical perspective which is helpful in understanding and appreciating the dynamics of aid in countries like Tanzania. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE Studies pertaining to Tanzania reveal a tendency to personalize Tanzania's public policy in general and its foreign and aid policy in particular. Many studies of Tanzania's foreign aid policy centre on President Nyerere to the exclusion of other actors in the polity (Niblock 1972; Shaw and Msabaha 1981; Green 1995; Msabaha 1995).
London: Frank Casso Williamson, Oliver (1985) The Economic institutions of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press. 2 From Proud Defiance to Beggary: A Recipient's Tale Rwekaza Mukandala INTRODUCTION Tanzania is fascinating to students of international development because of what she has said, done, and undergone with regard to aid and donors. First, Tanzania took a very unequivocal stand against aid conditionality (or aid with strings). 'The first responsibility of the Government, its first principle', said President Nyerere, 'is the protection of Tanzania's independence and its freedom to determine its own policies - both internal and external' (Nyerere 1966:2).
Agencies in Foreign Aid: Comparing China, Sweden and the United States in Tanzania by Goran Hyden, Rwekaza Mukandala