By Daniel E Harmon
The North African kingdom of Algeria turned self sustaining in 1962 after a brutal eight-year-long struggle opposed to France. In 1991 a emerging Islamist stream within the nation resulted in a civil conflict that lasted for greater than a decade. this day the battling is over and Algerians are trying to place the tragedies of the prior at the back of them and rebuild their state.
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Extra resources for Algeria (Africa: Continent in the Balance)
Families gather for feasts, often featuring the foods that were reportedly the favorites of Mohammed: dates, grapes, almonds, and honey. This holiday occurs on the 12th of Rabi’-ul-Awwal. The month of Ramadan is perhaps the best-known Islamic calendar event. 66 During Ramadan, Muslims are supposed to fast during the day, pray, and perform deeds of kindness for the poor. At the end of Ramadan comes Eid al-Fitr, a feast and celebration lasting three days. During Eid al-Fitr, schools and businesses close.
To the south is the Sahara Desert. Tamanrasset is the chief city of the Tuareg. 65 A Calendar of Algerian Festivals As in other Middle Eastern and African societies, most of the celebrations in Algeria are related to religious, family, or tribal events. Weddings and harvest gatherings, for example, are times for local merrymaking. Traditional dancing, music, and food usually are key ingredients. Muslim Holidays Muslim holidays coincide with the lunar calendar, which is shorter than the solar calendar familiar to Westerners.
The upper legislative body, the Council of Nations, consists of 144 members. Two-thirds of them are elected; the others are appointed by the president. Council members serve six-year terms in office. For purposes of local administration, Algeria is divided into 48 provinces, called wilayas, governed by regional officials. The current arrangement of wilayas has not changed since 1983, although the divisions have been altered more than once since independence. The legislature passes laws pertaining to rights and duties of individuals, personal status and family law, nationality and immigration, the judicial branch and its jurisdiction, criminal law, finance, public health, labor, defense, and international relations.
Algeria (Africa: Continent in the Balance) by Daniel E Harmon