Read e-book online An Introduction to Language and Linguistics PDF

ISBN-10: 0521847680

ISBN-13: 9780521847681

This available textbook is the one creation to linguistics within which each one bankruptcy is written by way of knowledgeable who teaches classes on that subject, making sure balanced and uniformly very good assurance of the complete diversity of contemporary linguistics. Assuming no past wisdom the textual content deals a transparent creation to the normal themes of structural linguistics (theories of sound, shape, that means, and language change), and also offers complete insurance of contextual linguistics, together with separate chapters on discourse, dialect version, language and tradition, and the politics of language. There also are updated separate chapters on language and the mind, computational linguistics, writing, baby language acquisition, and second-language studying. The breadth of the textbook makes it perfect for introductory classes on language and linguistics provided via departments of English, sociology, anthropology, and communications, in addition to through linguistics departments.

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It is also possible to close the vocal folds up tight, stopping the airflow at the larynx, a glottal stop (IPA [/]). qxd 1/10/06 5:21 PM Page 25 pinnacle Raj01:Desktop Folder:CUUK414-fasold-sushil: The sounds of language uh-oh. If you pronounce this slowly, you can feel the constriction in the larynx. In other languages, like Hawai’ian, the glottal stop is used as a regular consonant. In the word Hawai’i the apostrophe stands for a glottal stop. One English consonant remains to be discussed: the glide [w], as in wear.

In 1888, the International Phonetic Association (based in Paris) tackled the problem of how to precisely describe any sound the members might encounter in their efforts to describe all the languages of the world. They published symbols for a new alphabet, the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), based on two principles: – The alphabet would be universal. There would be enough symbols so that every sound in every human language could be represented. (As new sounds have been discovered or old sounds reanalyzed, the IPA has been revised to incorporate the new findings.

Articulation is all about getting air to move in ways that can be heard – vibrating, popping, or swishing. In this short introduction, we will focus on the patterns of vibration in voiced sounds, particularly vowels. But speech sounds are very complex, so it helps to start by thinking about something much simpler – a tuning fork. Strike a tuning fork against a table or other hard object, and the tines of the fork will vibrate. Depending on the exact shape and size of the fork, the tines will vibrate at a particular rate, or frequency.

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An Introduction to Language and Linguistics

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